Visual Art Vocabulary
Chiaroscuro- Italian word meaning, Light/Dark or "out of darkness, light" is used to describe contrasts in value (lightness & darkness) to create a sense of Three-Dimensionality on a Two-Dimensional surface.
Your range of drawing pencils from hard to soft
(F, 4H, 2H, H, HB, 2B, 4B, 6B)
Loose drawing paper
Your Ruler or Measuring Stick
Art Gum Eraser
An extra sheet of paper as a cover sheet (resting your drawing hand on the graphite you have already placed on the paper can add oil to it and thus discolor the paper or smear the graphite you have already placed down)
Goal of this project
Creating a value key or gradient to explore making whole "areas of value". Pushing the sense of value (light & dark) with the concept of layering areas of graphite pencil, increasing the softness of the pencil & thus the darkness as the gradient progresses.
5. Begin with the hardest pencil in your range of pencils (2H for example) and start in the first box by working the area in small overlapping circular movements, paying attention to the lightness of pressure in your hand as you draw. Fill the entire square with an even area of value.
6. Move to the second square and do the same with your 2H or hardest pencil as the first square. Once complete, begin a second layer on that same square with the next softest pencil in your range, H for example.
7. Move on to the third square and work it in this gentle circular overlapping manner to create another area of value with your H pencil. Once complete add another layer of value to that same exact square using your HB pencil or your next softest pencil in your range.
8. Move onto the fourth square and create three layers of graphite in H, HB, and 2B to increase the darkness of value even further.
9. Move onto the fifth square and create another three layers of graphite in HB, 2B, & 4B to increase the darkness of value even further.
10. Move onto the sixth square and create another three layers of graphite in 2B, 4B, & 6B to increase to the darkness of the value as the darkest on your value gradient.
Your own color wheel (not required, but can be extremely helpful!)
Rives BFK Paper (this often comes in 22x30 inches, but you can 'tear' your paper down to make a smaller color study. If you want to get wild and do a huge one, that's OK too!)
Acrylic Paint in Red, Blue, Yellow, White
Larger Paint brush for applying Gesso
Masonite Drawing/Painting Board
Acrylic Paint Brushes( Rounded are better for blending)
Spray bottle for Water
Rags for cleaning brushes
Large containers for water
Pencil & Rule for drawing edges
Rubber Cement (or some other archival adhesive)
Hard drawing Pencil (I recommend 2H for drawing Boxes)
Cardboard surface for cutting with X-Acto
Black construction paper (or drawing paper painted with India Ink)